Justification for choosing one or more of these five species as SCAW-WG focal species
Occur in all 5 regions (except BLSK, LETE and LAGU do not occur in Canada).
BLSK, LETE and COTE are species of greatest conservation need in over 80% of the states in which they occur.
BLSK, LETE and COTE are on state endangered species lists in four or more states.
LAGU and DCCO represent species that undergo some level of lethal control for the benefit of avian conservation targets or to reduce impacts on human activities such as aquaculture.
All 5 species utilize a variety of breeding habitats (barrier beaches, mainland beaches, ephemeral sand shoals and sand spits, salt marshes, dredge material islands, other human created islands/structures, roof-tops, etc.) and therefore would serve as good indicators on the status, quality and management needs of these habitats.
Species Atlantic Canada and US Occurrence #of States Where Species Breeds
Common Tern Yes (no special status) 13
Least Tern No 19
Black Skimmer No 16
Laughing Gull No 17
Double-crested Yes (no special status) 17 Cormorant